I. What is Theology?
II. From Whence cometh Theology?
Paradigm case: the two natures of Christ
In Matt 22, Jesus confronts the Pharisees with the enigma of Psalm 110--if the messiah is David's son (and therefore his inferior), how can David call him "lord" (a superior)? The answer, of course, is in the dual nature of Christ, but this theological understanding had probably not been made explicit yet. Jesus used a 'contradiction' in the foci of scripture to build the intersection of those two ideas...
Another example from rabbinical praxis: the rabbis saw a contradiction between the coming in clouds (of the Son of Man in Daniel) and the coming 'on a donkey' (in Zech)...they had to develop a theological 'system' to remove the tension. They suggested that the messiah would NOT come in both ways, but that the spiritual condition of Israel, at His coming, would determine WHICH way he appeared. They resolved the tension by creating a selective/conditional substrate for the events.
III. What Does it Mean to "Do Theology"?
IV. Method in the Prior Theological Tasks (Discovery)